American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who was the Archbishop of Los Angeles from 1948 to 1970.
He was a runner on the New York Stock Exchange, working for the brokerage firm of H.L. Horton & Co, during his teens but declined a full time job there to join the Priesthood.
He was often maligned for not sufficiently supporting the civil rights movement.
His mother was a dressmaker.
He was one of the cardinal electors in the papal conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI.