Chidambaram Subramaniam

About Chidambaram Subramaniam

Who is it?: Former Indian Politician & Freedom Activist
Birth Day: January 30, 1910
Birth Place: Senguttaipalayam, Pollachi, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, Indian
Died On: 7 November 2000(2000-11-07) (aged 90)
Birth Sign: Aquarius
Prime Minister: Charan Singh
Preceded by: Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
Succeeded by: P. C. Alexander
Political party: Indian National Congress
Alma mater: University of Madras
Awards: Bharat Ratna (1998)

Chidambaram Subramaniam Net Worth

Chidambaram Subramaniam was born on January 30, 1910 in Senguttaipalayam, Pollachi, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, Indian, is Former Indian Politician & Freedom Activist. Bharat Ratna Chidambaram Subramaniam often referred as the “Father of the Green Revolution” was a veteran Indian politician who ushered the Indian ‘Green Revolution’ along with B. Sivaraman, M. S. Swaminathan and Norman E. Borlaug during his tenure as ‘Minister for Food and Agriculture’. The period marked increase in yields in agriculture in India and development of high-yielding varieties of wheat aiding the nation to achieve self-sufficiency in grain production. This was made possible by Subramaniam, generally considered as the political architect of ‘Green Revolution’ of India, who spread the application of new variety of wheat to the farmers thus making India proficient in wheat production instead of importing the grain. The step helped the nation to overcome chronic food deficiency as also dependency on import of wheat. He also successfully undertook a new program to sell hybrid seeds, pesticides and fertilizers at highly subsidized rates. He participated in Indian independence movement during the British Raj and faced incarceration during early 1940s. Post independence he served as a Constituent Assembly member that drafted the ‘Constitution of India’. He also served the cabinet as ‘Minister of Defence’ and ‘Minister of Finance’. Later he became the Governor of Maharashtra. In 1993 his autobiography ‘Hand of Destiny’ was published.
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Subramaniam was born on 30 January 1910 near Pollachi in Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. Subramaniam completed his early education in Pollachi before moving to Chennai where he did his B.Sc in Physics at the Presidency College, Chennai. Later he graduated with degree in law from Madras Law college, Chennai. During his college days, he started Vanamalar Sangam and published a magazine called Pithan from Gobichettipalayam along with Periyasaamy Thooran, K. S. Ramaswamy Gounder, O. V. Alagesan and Justice Palanisami and Dr. L.K.Muthusamy of Lakkapuram, Erode. His inspiration was his uncle Swami Chidbhavananda.


When the Indian National Congress split in 1969, he became the interim President of Congress (I) started by Indira Gandhi. Later, he was appointed as Minister of Finance in the union cabinet by Indira Gandhi. He advised her to devalue Indian rupee and was the Finance minister during the emergency in 1976. After the emergency, he parted ways with Indira and joined the breakaway Congress faction led by Devraj Urs and Kasu Brahmananda Reddy.


Subramaniam was an active member of the Civil disobedience movement against the British during his college days. He was imprisoned during the Quit India Movement in 1942. He was later elected to the Constituent Assembly and had a hand in the framing of the Constitution of India. He was a minister of Education, Law and Finance for Madras State from 1952 to 1962 under chief ministers Rajaji and K. Kamaraj. He was the Leader of the House in the Madras Legislative Assembly for the entire duration. He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1962 and was the Minister for Steel and Mines. Subsequently, he served as the Minister for Food and Agriculture. He also worked as the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission from 2 May 1971 to 22 July 1972.


He was appointed as the union Minister of Defence by Charan Singh in 1979. He became the Governor of Maharashtra in 1990. He resigned after his criticism of the style of functioning of the then Indian Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao.


A commemorative coin in his honour, was released by the Government of India in August 2010. A commemorative postage stamp was also released in his honour, in 2010.


Along with M. S. Swaminathan and B. Sivaraman, Subramaniam was the Architect of India’s modern agricultural development policy, after the success of his programme which led to a record production of wheat in 1972 termed as the Indian Green Revolution. As Minister for Food and Agriculture, he introduced high-yielding varieties of seeds and more intensive application of fertilizers which paved the way for increased output of cereals and attainment of self-sufficiency in food-grains in the country. About his contribution, Dr. Norman E. Borlaug, writes: The vision and influence of Mr. Subramaniam in bringing about agricultural change and in the very necessary political decisions needed to make the new approach effective, should never be under-emphasized. The groundwork for this advance (in the production of wheat) was solidly laid during that period (1964–67) when Mr. Subramaniam was the guiding political force instituting change.