George Paget Thomson

About George Paget Thomson

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: May 03, 1892
Birth Place: Cambridge, British
Died On: 10 September 1975(1975-09-10) (aged 83)\nCambridge, England
Birth Sign: Gemini
Alma mater: Trinity College, Cambridge
Known for: Electron diffraction
Spouse(s): Kathleen Buchanan Smith
Children: 2 sons, 2 daughters
Awards: Howard N. Potts Medal (1932) Nobel Prize in Physics (1937) Hughes Medal (1939) Royal Medal (1949) Faraday Medal (1960)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: University of Aberdeen Corpus Christi College, Cambridge Imperial College London
Academic advisors: J. J. Thomson

George Paget Thomson Net Worth

George Paget Thomson was born on May 03, 1892 in Cambridge, British, is Physicist. George Paget Thomson was an English physicist, who shared the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics with Clinton Joseph Davison, for their discovery of diffraction of electrons by crystals. Born in an academically distinguished family, he had his entire education at Cambridge, where his Nobel laureate father, J. J. Thomson, was a Professor of Experimental Physics. Although he joined Corpus Christi College after completing his studies he soon abandoned it to join Britain’s war effort as the First World War broke out. However, he spent much of his time working on aerodynamics trying to improve stability of airplanes. Later he resigned from his commission to rejoin the Corpus Christi College, but soon shifted to the University of Aberdeen, where he undertook major experiments and discovered electron diffraction. Later he turned his attention to nuclear physics and when uranium fission was discovered, he was struck by its potential for military use. During the Second World War, he became the Chairman of the MAUD committee. Later he went to Ottawa as the Scientific Liaison Officer and worked closely with the Manhattan Project. After the war, he joined Imperial College, where he started probing into the possibility of manufacturing nuclear power from deuterium. He retired as the Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
George Paget Thomson is a member of Scientists

💰George Paget Thomson Net worth: $5 Million

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Awards and nominations:

In addition to winning the Nobel Prize in Physics, Thomson was knighted in 1943. He gave the address "Two aspects of science" as president of the British Association for 1959–1960.



Thomson was born in Cambridge, England, the son of Physicist and Nobel laureate J. J. Thomson and Rose Elisabeth Paget, daughter of George Edward Paget. Thomson went to The Perse School, Cambridge before going on to read mathematics and physics at Trinity College, Cambridge, until the outbreak of World War I in 1914, when he was commissioned into the Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment. After brief Service in France, he worked on aerodynamics at Farnborough and elsewhere. He resigned his commission as a Captain in 1920.


In 1924, Thomson married Kathleen Buchanan Smith, daughter of the Very Rev. Sir George Adam Smith. They had four offspring, two sons and two daughters. Kathleen died in 1941. Thomson died in 1975 and is buried with his wife in Granchester Parish Churchyard.


Between 1929–1930 Thomson was a Non–Resident Lecturer at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. In 1930 he was appointed Professor at Imperial College London in the chair of the late Hugh Longbourne Callendar. In the late 1930s and during the Second World War Thomson specialised in nuclear physics, concentrating on practical military applications. In particular Thomson was the chairman of the crucial MAUD Committee in 1940–1941 that concluded that an atomic bomb was feasible. In later life he continued this work on nuclear Energy but also wrote works on aerodynamics and the value of science in society.


After briefly serving in the First World War Thomson became a Fellow at Cambridge and then moved to the University of Aberdeen. George Thomson was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1937 for his work in Aberdeen in discovering the wave-like properties of the electron. The prize was shared with Clinton Joseph Davisson who had made the same discovery independently. Whereas his father had seen the electron as a particle (and won his Nobel Prize in the process), Thomson demonstrated that it could be diffracted like a wave, a discovery proving the principle of wave–particle duality which had first been posited by Louis-Victor de Broglie in the 1920s as what is often dubbed the de Broglie hypothesis.


In addition to winning the Nobel Prize in Physics, Thomson was knighted in 1943. He gave the address "Two aspects of science" as President of the British Association for 1959–1960.


Thomson stayed at Imperial College until 1952, when he became Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. In 1964, the college honoured his tenure with the George Thomson Building, a work of modernist architecture on the college's Leckhampton campus.