Hugo Theorell

About Hugo Theorell

Who is it?: Swedish scientist
Birth Day: July 06, 1903
Birth Place: Swedish
Died On: 15 August 1982(1982-08-15) (aged 79)\nStockholm, Sweden
Birth Sign: Leo
Residence: Sweden
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1955)
Fields: Biochemistry

Hugo Theorell Net Worth

Hugo Theorell was born on July 06, 1903 in Swedish, is Swedish scientist. Nobel laureate Hugo Theorell was a scientist of Swedish origin. He received Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine for his important discoveries of oxidation enzymes. His earlier research works regarding the role of lipids showed that lipids have a significant role in reducing erythrocyte sedimentation rate or ESR. He is credited for discovering proteins like crystalline myoglobin, found in red muscle. He described this protein as the carrier of oxygen in muscle area. His extensive study defined the chemical structure of yellow colored enzyme found in yeast. He also conducted detail research on the chemical structure of cytochrome. Apart from that, he studied the link of cytochrom with heme nucleus. His innovative research showed the working process of ADH enzymes in breaking down alcohol in kidney. He had an important contribution regarding the isolation of enzymes like lactoperoxidase, found in milk. In later period of his life, he researched to crystallize an enzyme from horse’s liver. He also pursued his study on ethyl alcohol .One of the most important discoveries of Hugo includes his development of blood alcohol test to check drunk drivers. He was the recipient of several honorary doctorates from seven prestigious universities of places like Paris, Pennsylvania and so on.
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He was born in Linköping as the son of Thure Theorell and his wife Armida Bill. Theorell went to Secondary School at Katedralskolan in Linköping and passed his examination there on 23 May 1921. In September, he began to study Medicine at the Karolinska Institute and in 1924 he graduated as a Bachelor of Medicine. He then spent three months studying bacteriology at the Pasteur Institute in Paris under Professor Albert Calmette. In 1930 he obtained his M.D. degree with a theory on the lipids of the blood plasma, and was appointed professor in physiological chemistry at the Karolinska Institute.


Theorell, who dedicated his entire career to enzyme research, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1955 for discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects. His contribution also consisted of the theory of the toxic effects of sodium fluoride on the cofactors of crucial human enzymes. He was a former head of research of the Nobel Institute, the first researcher related to the Institute to be awarded a Nobel Prize.


Theorell died in Stockholm and is buried in Norra begravningsplatsen (The Northern Cemetery) alongside his wife, Elin Margit Elisabeth (née Alenius) Theorell, a distinguished Pianist and harpsichordist who died in 2002.