His current research mainly addresses relations between Anglicanism and literature between 1688 and 1945.
His books include Foucault and Literature (Routledge 1991) Patrick White (Oxford 1994), Exit Capitalism, literary culture, theory and post-secular modernity (Routledge 2010) and, most recently, Against Democracy: literary experience in the era of emancipations (Fordham 2012). His anthology The Cultural Studies Reader is a standard textbook in the field. Perhaps his most well known book is Modern Enchantments: The Cultural and Secular Power of Magic (2002), which explores the history of magic. It has had a wide impact.