First Jewish Governor of Idaho, an office he served from 1915 to 1919, who was an ardent supporter of prohibition. He also served as the Mayor of Boise from 1897 to 1899 and then again from 1901 to 1903.
He emigrated from Bavaria to the US in 1867 and lived in New York and Missouri before arriving in Idaho in 1891.
He was only the second Jewish governor of any US state.
He married Helena Kaestner in 1876.
He paved the way for other Jewish governors like Eliot Spitzer.