Owen Chamberlain

About Owen Chamberlain

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: July 10, 1920
Birth Place: San Francisco, California, USA, United States
Died On: February 28, 2006(2006-02-28) (aged 85)\nBerkeley, California, USA
Birth Sign: Leo
Alma mater: Dartmouth College University of California, Berkeley University of Chicago
Known for: Particle physics
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics, 1959
Fields: Physics
Institutions: Los Alamos National Laboratory
Doctoral advisor: Enrico Fermi

Owen Chamberlain Net Worth

Owen Chamberlain was born on July 10, 1920 in San Francisco, California, USA, United States, is Physicist. Nobel Laureate American physicist Owen Chamberlain discovered the existence of antiprotons. The founding of antiprotons has great significance in the study of matter and anti-matter. According to his theory, negatively charged antiproton is the mirror image of positively charged proton. Along with his colleagues, he also discovered the process of isolating antiprotons. Later, he continued his research to document the collision and destruction of protons and antiprotons through a photographic process. When the US participated in the World War II, he worked as a part of Manhattan Project, the secret program of the US to build an atom bomb. This project brought him the opportunity to work with Emilio Segre , an Italian physicist. At that time, he worked on nuclear cross sections for intermediate-energy neutrons and spontaneous fission of heavy elements. He also did research work on alpha particle decay, neutron diffraction in liquids and high-energy nuclear particle reactions. Together with two other renowned Professors, he developed and applied polarized proton targets as part of his research work. This remarkable experiment assisted in the study of several high energy processes like the scattering of pi-mesons and protons on polarized protons, the determination of the parity of hyperons and a test of time reversal symmetry in electron-proton scattering.
Owen Chamberlain is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Born in San Francisco, California, Chamberlain graduated from Germantown Friends School in Philadelphia in 1937. He studied physics at Dartmouth College, where he was a member of Theta Chi Fraternity, and at the University of California, Berkeley. He remained in school until the start of World War II, and joined the Manhattan Project in 1942, where he worked with Segrè, both at Berkeley and in Los Alamos, New Mexico. He married Beatrice Babette Copper (d. 1988) in 1943, with whom he had four children.


In 1946, after the war, Chamberlain continued with his doctoral studies at the University of Chicago under Physicist Enrico Fermi. Fermi acted as an important guide and mentor for Chamberlain, encouraging him to leave behind the more prestigious theoretical physics for experimental physics, for which Chamberlain had a particular aptitude. Chamberlain received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1949.


In 1948, having completed his experimental work, Chamberlain returned to Berkeley as a member of its faculty. There he, Segrè, and other physicists investigated proton-proton scattering. In 1955, a series of proton scattering experiments at Berkeley's Bevatron led to the discovery of the anti-proton, a particle like a proton but negatively charged. Chamberlain's later research work included the time projection chamber (TPC), and work at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC).


Chamberlain was politically active on issues of peace and social justice, and outspoken against the Vietnam War. He was a member of Scientists for Sakharov, Orlov, and Shcharansky, three physicists of the former Soviet Union imprisoned for their political beliefs. In the 1980s, he helped found the nuclear freeze movement. In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.


Chamberlain was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 1985, and retired from teaching in 1989. He died of complications from the disease on February 28, 2006, in Berkeley at the age of 85.