Italian filmmaker known for his erotic films, including Caligula, Così fan tutte, Paprika, Monella, and Trasgredire. Many of his works are either set during World War II or are literary adaptations.
He made many avant-garde films early in his career.
He is known for incorporating lots of mirrors into his set design.
He married Carla Cipriani in 1957, and they remained together until her death in 2006.
He collaborated on the film Caligula with celebrated author Gore Vidal.